Wildlife management is important where certain species invade the human space. Wildlife management services help to prevent the damages that the animals will cause and repair where the damage has already been done. One can hire a raccoon trapping company for services.
The methods use in the process of wildlife management are categorized into four groups. These are,
- Habitat modification
- Exclusion methods
- Lethal control
- Repellents and frightening devices
The number of animals that the land can sustain is called the carrying capacity. The population of some harmful and stubborn animals can be reduced by reducing the resources that facilitate their growth. For example, if one is having issues with mice, the spillage of bird feed should be reduced. Moreover, food storage bins must be protected. This will slow down the increase in the number of mice.
This involves physically and practically sealing entries of concern so that the animals can’t access the area. It is actually the best long-term solution although it could be costly. The techniques used in this method vary. They could involve simply sealing an entry point to putting up animal proof fences.
This is a short-term method that can be used when one needs to get rid of the animals urgently. For instance in cases where safety is involved and spread of diseases.It involves using intoxicants, traps and shooting. Such methods lead to a quick decrease in the target population. The downside of this method is that if the habitat is still suitable for the population, chances are that the given area will be invaded again.
A suitable habitat is one that allows the population to eat well and have proper shelter. Lethal control techniques are therefore not very effective in the long run as compared to habitat modification.
Movement of an animal from where it was born and reared is referred to as wildlife dispersal. It can reduce the population momentarily but then again it is not the most effective.
Repellents and frightening devices
This method involves scaring an animal so that it can stay away from that particular location. Animals are forced to repel based on inflicting pain, making them fear or conditioned aversion. In some cases, this method works, but some animals are determined to access the protected area that has the food and resources they require. They do not mind the pain or the fear. This yields short-term results, and it could be stressful in the long run.
It is, therefore, important to consider habitual modification for better and long term results.